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FCE Speaking

FCE Speaking - structure, examples, how to score higher

FCE Speaking is the last part of your Cambridge English: First exam. It has 4 parts and is about 14 minutes long. There will normally be one other test-taker like you because some of the tasks involve interaction between candidates. It is not uncommon to have two test-takers. There will be two examiners present: one asking the questions (the interlocutor) and the other marking the answers (the assessor).

Below you will see an overview of the exam structure, sample questions and answers, tips on how to get a better score, and how your answer is assessed. You can use the contents list below to navigate between parts or just read the whole thing (highly recommended if you are new to the exam).

1. Part 1: Interlocutor and candidate conversation (2 minutes)
— 1.1 Part 1 sample questions with answers
2. Part 2: Describing photos. Long and short turns (3 minutes)
— 2.1 Part 2 sample photos with answers
— 2.2 Part 2 tips and useful phrases
3. Part 3: Discussion between candidates and reaching an agreement (discussing a mind map) (3 minutes)
— 3.1 Part 3 sample mind map with answers
4. Part 4: Discussing and developing the topic from Part 3 (4 minutes)
— 4.1 Part 4 sample questions with answers
5. FCE Speaking marking criteria

FCE Speaking Part 1: Interview (interlocutor and candidate)

Part 1 of FCE Speaking focuses on your ability to talk about topics of general interest, such as your work or studies, how you spend your free time, or your plans for the future — something you are familiar with. In this part, the interlocutor asks each candidate two or three questions. You are expected to listen to what the other candidate says as well as the questions asked. The reason is that you might be asked the same question (e.g., “And what about you?”). However, this part does not involve direct communication between candidates. FCE Speaking Part 1 is about two minutes long.

Keep your answers fairly short — two or three sentences should be enough. Always stick to the topic you get. Your answers should sound natural — do not use any memorised responses. Such answers are easy to spot and can often lead to a lower mark. Rehearsed answers might also not be about the question asked, as there is considerable variety in questions, even though the range of topics is quite limited.

For better or worse, there are no helpful phrases or tricks for FCE Speaking Part 1, as this part tests your general ability to talk about familiar topics. You might want to see it as a warm-up before the more challenging parts of FCE Speaking.

Part 1 sample questions and answers

What is your hometown like?
My hometown is Viña del Mar, it’s in Chile, just north of Santiago. It’s a coastal town that is popular with tourists because of the beautiful gardens and the beaches.

What do you do in your free time?
Uhm, I can’t say I have any particular hobbies to talk about; I guess I’m into oil painting. I enjoy painting landscapes in my free time because our city has such pretty views, they really inspire me!

How do you celebrate special occasions?
I’m not too outgoing, so I either go for a walk in the city and treat myself to some food or just stay at home and listen to the music. If it’s something big, I might invite a couple of friends over, but that’s kind of a rare thing to do for me.

Do you have any plans for this summer?
Oh, definitely! The plan is to go to an art school in California, provided that I have successfully passed this exam. Another option is to study art in Santiago, that would be okay for me as well.

Part 1 Summary

  • Part 1 lasts for about 2 minutes for each candidate.
  • Test-taker and examiner interaction; no interaction between test-takers.
  • Questions about familiar everyday topics.
  • Two to four questions, answers should be kept short (around two sentences).

FCE Speaking Part 2: Describing photos

Part 2 is all about your ability to describe pictures and talk about their similarities as well as differences. In this part of FCE Speaking there are usually two test-takers — Candidate A and Candidate B. (However, you might sometimes get in a group of two other candidates). Candidate A goes first; they get two pictures from the interlocutor and a question they have to answer. The question is written on the page with the two pictures. The questions can be about how people in the pictures might be feeling, what could be the advantages and disadvantages of the situation in each picture, and so on. See more FCE Speaking Part 2 examples with answers. After that Candidate A gets one minute to answer the question.

After this, it’s time for Candidate B to answer one additional question from the interlocutor. This question relates to the same set of pictures. It can be either about choosing one of the pictures, like “In which might the people feel more comfortable?” or a more general one relating to the situation, where you don’t have to choose a picture, for example, “Is it better to study alone or with others?”. Candidate B has 30 seconds to answer the question.

After Candidate B has answered, they change roles. This time, Candidate B gets two pictures, a question from the examiner, and one minute to answer it. After that, Candidate A gets 30 seconds and one related question.

One important thing is that answering the question is only part of this task. You also have to describe both pictures and compare them. Continue reading for a more detailed explanation of each aspect.

FCE Speaking Part 2 tips and useful phrases

In FCE Speaking Part 2, you have to achieve three things:
1 – compare (what is similar and what is different in the photos)
2 – describe (give a brief description of what you see)
3 – answer the question

1. Compare

Comparing is essential in Part 2 of FCE Speaking. You have to mention at least one thing that is common between the two photos and one that is similar. One of each should be enough, as you only have 1 minute for your answer. This is not a set-in-stone rule; adjust according to your pace of speech and confidence.

Talking about similaritiesTalking about differences
In both pictures, there is…
Both pictures display/show…
Pictures one and two have…
Pictures one and two are similar in the way that there is/are… in each one.
Just like in the left picture , the right one has…
These two pictures have several things in common, such as/like…
Unlike the left picture, the picture on the right has/shows/displays
In contrast with the right picture, picture on the left is …
Picture one…, while picture two…
Picture two has a different idea of … if we compare it to the first photo
While the second picture takes place in …
Contrastingly, these pictures show different takes on *some topic*

2. Describe

The first thing to remember is to switch between various phrases that introduce picture descriptions. Don’t reuse the same expression; alternate between them, for example:

In the first photo, we can see/there is/ … is shown.
The second picture shows/displays/demonstrates …

Another big mistake that test-takers make is that they use the wrong tense. The only tense you should be using to describe pictures is Present Continuous! Failing this leads to a lower mark – see the official assessment report, page 3.

Another common mistake is spending too much time on describing. I’ve had students who would spend a whole minute talking about what’s in the picture. Remember, do not spend more than 15-20 seconds on that. Another helpful technique is to include comparisons in your description.

Finally, it is “in the picture”, not “on the picture” – a very shameful mistake to make!

“The first picture shows us a group of friends enjoying themselves. Contrastingly, in the second picture, we see colleagues who are having a business lunch.”

The part in bold text shows comparison; the underlined text is the usage of Present Continuous.

3. Answer the question.

When answering FCE Speaking Part 2 question, ideally you would want to do so for both pictures at the same time. You should answer it together with comparing, because otherwise you might not have enough time for comparison. Have a look at the model answers below to get a better idea of how to include comparison in your answer.

FCE Speaking Part 2 sample questions and answers

Examiner: Candidate A, here are the photographs. They show people waiting for something. I’d like you to compare the photographs, and say in which picture the waiting feels longer.

FCE Speaking Part 2 waiting for a planeFCE Speaking Part 2 sitting at a bus stop

Model answer

Candidate A: The left picture shows a man expecting his flight to arrive at the airport. He is sitting on a bench with his feet resting on the bag. In the picture on the right, we see a couple of people waiting for their bus at a rather late hour. They are engaged in a conversation.

I guess that for the man at the airport gate, the wait feels much longer. Air travel is a thrilling and even scary experience for most of us. The anxiety he might be experiencing could make the time go really slowly for him. Also, flights can get late, and generally, you have to wait for quite some time before your plane is ready for boarding.

Examiner: Candidate B, how can one pass the time while waiting?

Candidate B: Well, there are many tried-and-true ways. In the past, people would read books or magazines, this was the most popular way of killing some time. Nowadays, everyone stares at their phone screen, either texting or looking at funny videos online.

Examiner: Thank you. Candidate B, now it’s your turn. Here are the photographs, and they show people having a rest. Please compare the two photographs, and say which picture shows people enjoying their rest the most.

Two older people sitting on chairsA young person lying on the grass with hands behind his head

Candidate B: The left picture has two older men sitting in a room that looks like a hotel lobby. One of them is sitting on a sofa, whereas the other is on a padded stool. Both are dressed rather informally. The other picture shows a younger male, lying on the ground with his head resting on his hands. It seems that he is outside, probably in a park. Both pictures show people in a relaxed environment.

I would say that the younger male in the second picture is enjoying his rest more. Maybe he has just finished his exams or achieved something meaningful. You can tell this by his contented facial expression and overall relaxed posture.

Examiner: Candidate A, how do you usually relax?

Candidate A: I don’t get much chance to relax nowadays, unfortunately. But when I do, I prefer having a walk in the park, either with my friends or alone. There is one in my neighbourhood, and it has plenty of trees as well as a small fountain. The sounds of running water help me clear my head and forget about the problems I have.


Keep in mind that you should use the present continuous when describing pictures (i.e., “This picture shows people hurrying to their work in the early morning hours”). More on tenses in English.

Another tricky bit is the preposition. You should use “in” when talking about something shown by the picture (i.e., “In this picture we see a man strolling down the alley”). See this short note on prepositions for more examples.

More FCE Speaking Part 2 sample questions with answers

Part 2 Summary

  • Part 2 is 1 minute, 30 seconds for each candidate.
  • This part has test-taker and examiner interaction, using another test-taker’s pictures for the second part of the answer.
  • You will be describing and comparing two pictures as well as answering a question related to them.
  • You have 60 seconds to talk about your pictures (long turn), 30 seconds to answer additional questions related to the topic of other test-taker’s pictures (short turn).

FCE Speaking Part 3: Mind map discussion between two candidates

In Part 3, candidates receive a mind map that contains a question and five prompts (also called aspects) to be discussed. They have 15 seconds to study it and then have to decide who starts the discussion.

The candidates’ task is to discuss the topic using the given prompts. FCE Speaking Part 3 consists of two smaller parts. In the first part, you should provide relevant responses on the topic, listen to and comment on the other candidate’s answers, and transition from one idea to another in a logical way. This part lasts for about two minutes.

In the second part of this task, you get an additional question and have to choose one of the prompts, with the answer providing reasoning, and either agree or disagree with the chosen prompt. You get around one minute for this part.

The focus of FCE Speaking Part 3 is to see candidates’ skills in interacting with each other. Some exam takers can find this particularly challenging.

Part 3 tips and useful phrases

There are three important aspects of FCE Speaking Part 3:
1 – Initiating the dialogue
2 – Going from one idea to another
3 – Coming to an agreement

1. Initiating the conversation

When you start FCE Speaking Part 3, one of you has to start the conversation. The key here is to be polite and allow your partner to choose, especially if they are shy or silent. You can either initiate this yourself or wait for your partner to go first.

Starting the dialogueResponding
Do you mind if I go first?
Would you mind going first/starting?
Care to go first?
Should I begin, or would you like to go first?
Would it be okay with you if I started this/went first?
Is it okay for you if I start?
Yeah, sure, go ahead.
Okay, I will!
I’d rather you went first, if that’s okay with you.
By all means, go ahead.
Sure, not a problem
Be my guest!

A common rule is to let whoever starts first begin the conversation. Another thing that makes sense is to allow the other person to initiate the dialogue in the second part.

2. Going from one idea to another

One thing that lowers your score in Part 3 is simply waiting for your turn to speak, not paying much attention to whatever the other student has to say. Such behaviour is penalised – in fact, it is assessed in one of the marking criteria! A good approach is to include some points from your partner’s answer into your own. Another important thing is the natural transition from one idea (prompt) to another, as your talk should be organic rather than a collection of isolated sentences. Below are some ways to make your ideas more connected.

Introducing an ideaSupporting or including an idea
What about…
I believe that .. deserves mentioning/being mentioned
If we’re talking about (topic), then… is definitely…
I’m not sure that… is really important, however…
A point worth discussing is…
Speaking of…
You’ve mentioned…, which is interesting because…
I’d like to add another point regarding…
There is one more thing about…
Another aspect of… is that…

3. Coming to an agreement

In the second half of FCE Speaking Part 3, your task is to choose one of the aspects (prompts) in connection with the given question and either agree or disagree about whether it fits best. Agreeing is not mandatory. You are free to disagree, but do so with respect for each other, supporting your opinion with arguments. Here are some useful phrases for suggesting, encouraging a conversation, agreeing and disagreeing:

AgreeingDisagreeing (politely)
I totally agree with your point…
I’m with you on that one…
Your arguments are very compelling
I had a different idea, but your arguments sound very convincing
Your points are very persuasive, and I side with you on that one
I see what you mean, however…
You make some valid points, but let’s consider…
With all due respect, I can’t agree/I have to disagree
Your logic here is flawless, but another point to consider is…
I’m afraid I can’t agree with you on this point because…
Suggesting ideas

I hold that … is probably one of the things we should take/consider/mention, since…
I think/believe that … is worth nominating/considering/mentioning/pointing out
Let’s not forget about …
Additionally, … should probably be included

Inviting to join

Where do you stand on…?
What’s your take on…?
Please share your thoughts on this matter?
What about your idea on …?
That’s what I think, but what about you?

Part 3 sample task and a model answer

Here are some different types of occupations people might choose to have. First, you have some time to look at the task. (15 seconds)

Now, talk to each other about the advantages and disadvantages of each of these occupations.

Model answer

Candidate A (Juan): Should I go first?
Candidate B (Marian): Yes, please do.
Juan: I think that working as a chef at a restaurant or some other place is great. It is a creative occupation, and you can express yourself through the dishes you make.
Marian: I get your points about expressing yourself, and I totally agree. However, I guess with time it can get a bit repetitive – cooking day in, day out. Now, working as a doctor is never the same, would you agree?
Juan: Yeah, I guess so. You face new challenges every day, it is a lot of responsibility, and the salary must be really high. You have to know a lot, though. What about being a teacher? You have to be pretty knowledgeable too, right?
Marian: Yes, definitely. I don’t think teachers make as much money as doctors do, but the job itself might be even more rewarding!

(Part 2, coming to an agreement)

Examiner: Thank you. Now you have about a minute to decide which profession would be more suitable for a younger person.
Marian: Oh, maybe a driver? You need a lot of energy to stay behind the wheel all day, and young people tend to be much more energetic than older ones. What would you say?
Juan: I was thinking about teaching as the best choice for young people, but I guess you have to have more experience to be good at this. So yeah, I’d go with your option of a taxi driver!


Part 3 Summary

  • Part 3 is about three minutes long
  • You will have to interact with another test-taker (or two), taking turns to express and justify their opinions
  • There will be a discussion topic with five aspects in the form of a mind map in the first part
  • An agreement between test-takers on one of the aspects has to be reached in the second part

FCE Speaking Part 4: Topic discussion

The last part of FCE Speaking is a bit similar to Part 1 — you are asked questions related to the topic from Part 3 that you have to answer. However, there are three major differences in comparison with Part 1 of FCE Speaking. First of all, the questions are going to be more abstract than those in Part 1, and you will have to talk about things in general, not about your own experience. Secondly, your answers should be longer and more detailed — at least two or three longer sentences. Finally, the examiner will at some point encourage you and your partner to discuss one or two of the questions, so pay attention to your partner’s answers and be ready for a dialogue with them. This part of the exam can be up to four minutes long.

Part 4 sample questions with answers

Model answer

Examiner: Juan, what is more important when choosing a job — how enjoyable it is or the salary?
Juan: I’d say that it really depends on your age and your life situation. Sometimes we might really need the money, while others can afford to work for fun and experience social connections. I guess that ideally, you need to find a good balance between these things. Yeah, I’d say the right balance is most important.
Examiner: Thank you. Marian, what do you think?
Marian: Yes, I believe Juan is absolutely right. You don’t want to work just because you like it very much if you don’t get adequate financial compensation for your efforts. The opposite is true as well: working for money alone with no fun involved won’t get you far.

Model answer 2

Examiner: Marian, in your opinion, what kinds of jobs are going to be in demand in the future?
Marian: It’s really difficult to say – I mean, who knows what the future holds for us? I’d say that something to do with computers – after all, our society gets more and more dependent on computers and technology in general. Maybe it has something to do with robots. I’m not very good at predicting things!
Examiner: Juan, what’s your opinion?
Juan: Marian has made a very good point about computers. We rely on computers a lot, and I think eventually most professions will get replaced and automated in some way. With that in mind, we can say the IT industry will stay relevant and grow considerably in the coming years.

Candidate Discussion

Examiner: Now I’d like you two to talk about the following question: how can the government help people find employment?
Marian: Would it be ok with you if I went first?
Juan: Sure, go on.
Marian: For one, I would suggest including mandatory on-the-job training for high schoolers. This way, they would have an idea of what work actually is and make more educated decisions when choosing their career and major to study at college. Another way the state could help is to pay employers to take on people without experience – this would give the young more chances to land a job. What else do you think they could help with?
Juan: These are very nice suggestions. However, they are mostly aimed at younger job-seekers. To include older applicants, I think the government could create free trade courses so anyone could learn a set of skills like plumbing or basic electricity. This would allow them to get their foot in the door with more companies looking for specialists.
Marian: Yes, this does sound like a good idea! I wonder if something like this will ever be implemented, though…
Examiner: Thank you. That is the end of your FCE Speaking part.

Part 4Summary

  • Part 4 is about four minutes long.
  • The interaction is between the examiner and two test-takers.
  • You get more abstract questions and have to provide more abstract answers; your answers are expected to be longer than in Part 1 (three sentences and more).
  • The examiner invites the test-takers to discuss the questions together.

FCE Speaking marking criteria

A good thing to keep in mind is the marking criteria for FCE. Knowing it helps you find weak spots in your language, like grammar, vocabulary, or the way you pronounce words.

There are two people on the exam responsible for marking. The person sitting in the back uses 5 Cambridge criteria that determine your proficiency in spoken English:

1. Grammar and vocabulary
2. Discourse management
3. Pronunciation
4. Interactive communication
5. Global achievement

The last one is assessed by the interlocutor (one asking the questions and giving the cards). We shall look at all and explain the criteria below.

Each is scored individually, from 0 to 5 in 0.5 increments. They are then combined to get the average of the six (grammar, vocabulary, discourse management, pronunciation, interactive communication, and global achievement).

1. Grammar and vocabulary

What is assessed

Grammar – how appropriate, accurate, and varied your grammar is

  • Usage of active and passive voice
  • Verb patterns (infinitives, to-infinitives, gerunds)
  • Usage of tenses to highlight a point, i.e. longer action when a short action takes place (Past Cont. + Past Simple)
  • Ability to produce longer, multiple-clause sentences
  • Conditional sentences

Vocabulary – range, flexibility, and accuracy of your words and phrases

  • Collocations and prepositions
  • Ability to rephrase in order to clarify a point, especially if your partner does not understand you
  • No word repetition, good knowledge of synonyms and rephrasing

How to get a higher score

  • Don’t just stick to one tense – learn and use many of them. For instance, use Present Continuous to talk about plans that somebody else knows about or Past Perfect + Past Simple to highlight how one thing in the past happened before the other.
  • Conditional sentences are a great way to talk about the results (both real and imaginary) of actions or events that did or did not take place.
  • Use both active and passive voices. Passive voice works great to show a more impersonal and objective view – great for FCE Speaking Part 3!
  • Demonstrate your ability to rephrase. If you feel that you might not have expressed yourself in a clear way, introduce the idea in different words starting with a phrase like ‘In other words’ or ‘Basically’.

Don’t feel bad about making mistakes; if you know you have made one, just correct yourself. Your ability to ‘fix’ a broken phrase is something they expect of you at Cambridge English: First exam.

2. Discourse Management

What is assessed

  • Your ability to speak at length, connect your ideas and make your speech easy to follow and understand. A student’s use of discourse markers is expected to get them a high score.
  • Vocabulary related to the topic discussed
  • Aspects of language that make your speech easier to follow (i.e. personal pronouns, accurate usage of articles, and other means of making the idea more clear)
  • Discourse markers (phrases like “What I mean is…”, “The thing is…”, “Well, that is a good point…” and others that people mostly use in spoken English)
  • Cohesive devices (see below)
  • No digressing (keeping the discussion on the same topic, not going too far away from it)
  • Giving full answers (Express-explain-exemplify – state your idea, explain what you mean, and give some examples. That is, of course, not the only way to approach it, but it should give you the basic idea)
  • Introducing new ideas (rather than going over the things you have already said)
  • Repetition of words, phrases or ideas

How to get a higher score

  • Know and use cohesive devices. They can be roughly grouped into ‘adding or elaborating’ (in addition, also, moreover, as well as), ‘showing consequence or result’ (as a result, consequently, so, thus, therefore) and ‘sequencing or ordering’ (firstly, first of all, to begin with, secondly, finally). These help structure your speech, making it both connected and easier to follow.
  • Expand your vocabulary. It is pretty sad to see FCE candidates struggling to come up with any relevant words on topics as simple as Food, Holidays or Career. There is no way around it, learn new words! Here is a good vocabulary link that groups words and phrases in a nice way. It is from a different exam, but the topics are pretty much the same for FCE!
  • Make sure to know the basics of articles in English. Use them to your advantage. Don’t forget about possessive pronouns and adjectives to make your speech more cohesive (it, this, that, one).
  • If you feel that you need to mention some idea again, make sure to use synonyms or paraphrase it. Repetition of the same word, phrase or form can affect your score negatively, so show some variety to the examiner.

3. Pronunciation

What is assessed

First of all, elephant in the room – your accent is not going to be marked. As long as your accent is easy to understand, you will do fine. This part checks other things, namely:

  • Clear pronunciation: all the sounds that should be pronounced (more on that below)
  • Stress placement, both in individual words and generally within the sentence (this is a common mistake with FCE test-takers)
  • Correct usage of intonation to underline key points in your speech

How to get a higher score

  • Make sure you know how words are pronounced – if you do, then you will sound much more confident. Some candidates are unsure about certain words and can pronounce them “under the breath” – not clearly. This can cause misunderstanding and get in the way of communication. Another quick tip is not to use shortened forms of words; for instance, say “I have done” instead of “I’ve done” to make sure the examiner and your partner understand you correctly.
  • Pronunciation of sounds. Take words ‘thick’ and ‘sick’ – many non-native speakers have problems with the first one. Another problematic case is the difference in pronunciation between ‘v’ and ‘w’.
  • Learn to use intonation. At this level, you should be able to use it to your advantage. More information is available in an article on this topic by the British Council.
  • Do not underestimate the importance of sentence stress. It is a powerful tool to highlight the main point. For instance, consider these two sentences with the stressed word in capitals: “What do YOU think about this issue?” and “What do you think about THIS issue?”. In the first sentence, you focus on the opinion of your partner, while in the second one, you shift the focus to another issue or point.

4. Interactive communication

What is assessed

Your ability to engage in a conversation, support and develop it, connect ideas, and come to an agreement. This is what the examiners look at:

  • How well you can start and maintain a dialogue by suggesting and discussing relevant points
  • Ability to include your partner in the conversation and as well as to encourage exchange of ideas
  • Rephrasing or explaining your point if you see your partner struggling to understand you
  • Sharing the time in the conversation equally and fairly, not “hogging” it (you shouldn’t dominate the conversation)

How to get a higher score

  • Short answers do not give enough information to accurately assess your level of English. To give your examiners something to assess, you should come up with at least two long or three shorter sentences in Part 1 and about three to four longer sentences in Part 4.
  • Be sure to include your partner! There are some phrases that you might find useful for that.
  • More phrases to initiate the dialogue and support it with your ideas
  • Do not take up too much time in FCE Speaking Part 3; remember that you only have two minutes in the first half and one minute in the second.

5. Global achievement

What is assessed

As the name suggests, this is a combination of all the previously mentioned criteria. The only difference is that the assessment is done by the person asking the questions and handling the pictures. In short, it checks the range of your grammar and vocabulary, how well you handle communication, and how easy it is to follow and understand you. We are not including any extra tips for this aspect; the ones above should be sufficient.

FCE Speaking Tips

  • There is a number of typical Speaking mistakes. Know them to avoid embarrassment and guarantee a higher score.
  • Do not attempt to answer other student’s questions even if you see them struggling; you might get penalized for that. However, you might help them by paraphrasing your ideas in the collaborative task.
  • Keep practicing. The most effective way to improve your speaking is to use the language, ideally with a tutor. They can provide you with valuable feedback.
  • Remember about eye contact with the person you are addressing. This is especially important in Part 3 when you interact with the other test taker.
  • Make sure to use a range of tenses. Showing good command of Perfect and Continuous tenses will create much better impression. Sticking to simple tenses only might get in the way of getting a higher mark.
  • Be respectful to the other test-taker. Let them finish their thoughts, even if they struggle or take too much time to respond. Failing to do this will reflect negatively on your discourse management score.
  • Maintain a steady pace and rhythm. This will allow you to avoid abrupt stops and give you enough time to think your idea through. Your ideal pace is determined by practice; you will understand the pace you are comfortable in.

Afterword

Probably the most important thing to keep in mind is that FCE is a B2 exam. Nobody expects perfection from you. Inaccuracies, hesitation and a somewhat limited grammatical and lexical range are not things you should worry too much about. Non-systematic mistakes (those that do not occur multiple times) will not affect your score dramatically. Deliver you responses in an easy-to-understand way, do not make any mistakes that get in the way of meaning, use proper stress and intonation. These should take you all the way to Grade A. Good luck!

PDF Click to download this FCE Speaking article in PDF

FCE Speaking Part 2 Examples

FCE Speaking Part 2 Examples

Below you will find FCE Speaking Part 2 (picture comparison) speaking cards with answers and useful phrases. You can print them or save as PDFs. To get better score, take a look at the FCE Speaking page.

Further recommended reading: FCE Speaking Part 2 Tips

Sample answers are in italics.

#1. Living in different places; Exercising

FCE Speaking Part 2 - Living in the city

Candidate A, here are your photographs. They show various places where people live. I’d like you to compare the photographs and say why people might choose to live there, okay? (1 minute)

Candidate A: The left picture shows some big city with a line of apartment blocks built right next to the sea, while in the picture on the right we can see a peaceful village next to a train station and a train passing by. While both photos have various residences in them, the right one looks much more quiet than the other.
I believe that people who choose to live in a busy city do so because they have a more active lifestyle – they commute to work, go to parties, restaurants, exhibitions—all the activities a big city has to offer. In contrast, those who reside in a remote place like in picture two, prefer a more relaxed, slower pace of life.

Candidate B, which place would you prefer to live in, and why? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: Personally, I’d go with the quiet place next to the train station. I could commute to the city centre by train, take morning strolls in the woods, and generally enjoy everything nature has to offer. I don’t party that much and I’m not into eating out, so I won’t miss out on most things a busy city has to offer.


FCE Speaking Part 2 - Exercising

Candidate B, now it’s your turn. These pictures show people exercising. Compare the photographs and say how the exercising might make people feel. (1 minute)

Candidate B: The right photo shows a girl on a river bank doing what looks like gymnastics, while in the left picture, a lady is in the middle of a tennis match. Both do some kind of sports activity, however, one is performed outside while the other is done indoors. Moreover, tennis requires special equipment, such as a racket, while the other exercise doesn’t need anything at all.

I believe that both people feel content with what they’re doing as exercising energises you, and if you spend enough time at it, you might feel pleasantly exhausted. It is also beneficial for your brain, allowing your mind to wander.

Candidate A, which type of exercise would you prefer, and why?

Candidate A: Even though I’m not very good at tennis, I would have to choose it over the activity in the other picture – I’m hopeless when it comes to body balance! Tennis is a nice combination of physical exercising and thinking, as you don’t simply run after the ball. Instead, you have to calculate your hits and plan ahead. I like this aspect of tennis very much.

#2. Different types of work; Places for holidays

Candidate A, here are the two pictures. They show people performing different jobs. I’d like you to compare the two pictures and say what difficulties the people might have when doing their jobs. (1 minute)

Candidate A: Both pictures here show people at work, but the nature of their activity is very different. The lady in the picture on the left is facing a difficult creative task, judging by her body language and the images on her laptop screen. In contrast, the man in the second photo does a very physically demanding job at something that looks like a construction site.

While the man’s job is fairly straightforward, it can be very dangerous to his health and well-being. The woman’s task here seems to be rather tricky, as she appears to be stuck with the task. Undeniably, both jobs can be very stressful.

Candidate B, which job do you think is more difficult? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: I think the duties shown in picture two are much more challenging. Sure, creative thinking is not easy, but physical and manual labour are always a struggle. No matter how good you are at it, you have to perform very tiring, repetitive actions that are both mentally and physically demanding.


FCE Speaking Part 2

Candidate B, now it’s your turn. The pictures show different holiday locations. Compare them and say why people might choose to spend their holiday in each place. (1 minute)

Candidate B: Both pictures show various types of resorts. While the left picture looks warm and peaceful, the other one looks rather cold and even a bit dangerous. However, somehow both of them look equally cosy, though for different reasons.

People looking for a place to spend their holiday may prefer huts by the seaside if they come from a colder country and want to experience a warmer, more pleasant climate. They are also likely to appreciate the local food, which is rich in fruits and vegetables. As for the second photo, it might be preferred by more active and young people, who are really keen on sports and exercising.

Candidate A, which of the two places is better to spend a family holiday at? (~20 seconds)

Candidate B: The location shown in the first photo is definitely much better for a family with kids. Every member of the household can enjoy sunbathing and swimming, while some kids can be too young to try skiing. Also, the low temperatures of a ski resort may not be to some people’s liking.

#3. Eating; Business meetings

Candidate A, here are your pictures. They show people eating. I’d like you to compare these pictures and say who you think enjoys their meal most. (1 minute)

Candidate A: Picture one and picture two both show people having a meal. One of the places seems to be an expensive restaurant or café; the other looks like a regular apartment. In the left picture, the people are dressed up for the occasion, while the right photo shows us a person dressed very casually.

I believe that the girl in the right picture is enjoying her food more – she hasn’t even put it on a plate; she is eating it right out of the frying pan. I guess she must be really hungry! The women in the photo on the left seem to be more preoccupied with the conversation than the food itself. They probably came to the restaurant to meet each other, not to eat.

Candidate B, how often do you eat out? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: Almost never, I’m afraid. Eating out is rather expensive in my city. You also need to put on some fancy clothes – you know, because everybody else does and you don’t really want to stand out. When I do go out, it is usually a very special occasion that needs to be celebrated – like somebody’s wedding or a graduation ceremony. It makes it even better – each time is really memorable!


Candidate B, now it’s your turn. These two pictures show people in business meetings. Compare them and say how people in these environments might feel. (1 minute)

Candidate B: In both of these photos, we can see people discussing things connected with business. The picture on the right shows a traditional, face-to-face way of communicating, where everybody is in the same room. However, the left photo presents a different way to communicate: using modern technology, such as video conferencing.

I believe that the person in the left photo feels a bit detached from the meeting as the people she’s communicating with are not physically present. However, she probably appreciates the flexibility that online communication offers. As for the situation in picture two, the office workers there are likely to be much more comfortable, engaged in old-fashioned business conversation in a meeting room.

Candidate A, which type of business meeting is more efficient? (~20 seconds)

Candidate A: Well, I’d say that both ought to be pretty effective, as businesses across the globe use them. I believe that having a meeting using video calls might be a better choice; you don’t have to spend time to go to the meeting, and it’s much easier to arrange, you know, to make sure everybody has free time. When every participant has to come to some place, it gets more complicated.

#4. Rush Hour; Watching a movie

FCE Speaking Card - an overcrowded subway car during peak hoursFCE Speaking Card - Huge line of cars and buses stuck in a traffic jam

Candidate A, here are your pictures. In these pictures, you can see people commuting. I’d like you to compare the two pictures and say why they might have chosen to commute this way. (1 minute)

Candidate A: In both of these pictures, we see people on their way somewhere. It could be their job or the place where they study. However, there are differences that are easy to see at first glance. In the left photo, people have almost no personal space because it’s very crowded, and they have to stand really close to each other. In the right picture, on the contrary, most cars are private, and drivers as well as their passengers must be feeling more comfortable.

Speaking of the reason for their choice, I assume that not many people actually have the luxury of choosing how to travel. I think the vast majority of train passengers in the first picture would gladly commute by car if they could afford it. However, some of them might choose public transportation to save the environment and reduce their carbon footprint.

Candidate B, how do you usually commute? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: I use my bike for most in-city journeys, but when it snows, I prefer to go by taxi or ask some friends to give me a lift. I’m not very keen on buses, as they take forever to get somewhere and are usually packed with people. I can walk too, if it’s not too far away, but it is never my first choice.


FCE Speaking Card - a group of people in cinemaFCE Speaking - Two people watching TV in the living room

Candidate B, here are your pictures. They show people watching a movie. Compare the pictures and say what the benefits of watching movies in these ways are. (1 minute)

Candidate B: In both pictures, we can see people enjoying a film. One looks like a cinema theatre, and the other seems to be an ordinary living room. The theatre seems to be half-empty, with some vacant seats in the first two rows.

I believe that the advantages of watching a show from home are rather obvious: you don’t have to dress up and go somewhere. It’s so much more comfortable just to stay at home, grab your favourite snack, and put a nice flick on. However, movie theatres have their advantages as well: both the picture and the sound are much better, and you can really feel explosions, for example, if it is an action movie. So yeah, each situation is good in its own way.

Candidate A, is it better to enjoy a film on your own or with others? (~20 seconds)

Candidate A: If it is a mainstream movie, then I guess it’s much more fun to watch it with your friends. They say that sharing an experience makes it more enjoyable. And on the contrary, if the film is of a less popular genre, something like a documentary or another niche variety, then it would be much better to watch it on your own since not everyone is going to find it fun.

#5. Shopping; Free time

FCE Part 2 card - a lady in an expensive dress is buying luxurious shoesFCE Speaking Part 2 Card - a young girl buying clothes in a thrift shop

Candidate A, here are the two photos: they show people making purchases. I’d like you to compare the photos and say which person is facing a more difficult choice. (1 minute)

Candidate A: In the left picture, a lady is in what looks like a very expensive shop. She is deciding on the particular style and colour of shoes to buy. The right photo shows us a teenage girl going through a rack of clothes in what seems to be a thrift shop. The main difference between the two situations is the amount of money the person is willing to spend; one is ready to pay extra for the brand and prestige, while the other probably wants to save money on the purchase.

I believe that the girl in the right picture is having a more difficult time as she has to find something that suits her taste and won’t break the bank. The person in the right picture seems to find shopping to be yet another fun activity, a way to spend her time.

Candidate B, how often do you shop for clothes? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: To tell the truth, I don’t do much shopping for things to wear. Our family is rather big with lots of brothers and cousins, so I usually get a lot of hand-me-downs — you know, things they no longer wear, so I get them instead. I actually like this arrangement; I get free stuff, and it makes them feel better — it’s a win-win situation for everybody!


FCE Speaking Card - A girl sitting on the floor between bookstalls in a library, looking at picturesFCE Speaking Part 2 Card - a group of people camping, drinking tea and listening to live guitar music

Candidate B, here are your pictures, which show people spending their free time. Compare the two pictures and say what the advantages and disadvantages of spending your free time in these ways are. (1 minute)

Candidate B: In both of these pictures, we see people doing things they enjoy. The girl in the left picture seems like she prefers solitude; that’s why she is in a quiet library, sitting between bookstalls. In contrast, the group of friends from the second picture seem like the outgoing and sociable type; they seem to be camping somewhere in the woods.

I hold that the advantages of being on your own are not that many: you don’t depend on other people, and you don’t have to do something you might not like. The disadvantage is that sometimes you may feel lonely. As for the positive aspects of camping with friends, they are numerous. The fresh air and good company can be a nice change from your routine. I can’t really think of any disadvantages!

Candidate A, do you prefer spending free time alone or in a company? (~20 seconds)

Candidate A: I’m the reclusive type. I don’t need people around me all the time to feel comfortable. Whether it’s reading, long walks in a park or even travelling, I’m in my element when I’m on my own. I don’t mind being with friends occasionally, but I don’t feel like spending too much time with others.

#6. Shopping for food; Kids with bikes

FCE Speaking Card - A family of three grocery shopping in a supermarketFCE Speaking - Two people buying fruit from a street vendor somewhere in Asia

Candidate A, here are your pictures. They show people shopping for food. I’d like you to compare these two photos and say what they might find enjoyable while doing their shopping. (1 minute)

Candidate A: While in the left picture we can see people making purchases in a supermarket, the right picture shows people buying food from a street vendor. The place in the first photo looks like it has a wider variety of goods, but the food in the other picture is more likely to be fresh and natural.

I believe that the family in the supermarket enjoys doing it together, taking everyone’s opinion into account. They look really happy. The people in the right picture are glad to have the opportunity to purchase fresh produce. The buyer and the street vendor are likely to know each other, too.

Candidate B, Which type of shopping is more common in your country? (~20 seconds).

Candidate B: I can’t say that either of these types is more popular than the other. It really depends on the part of the country. Smaller towns and villages tend to have many outdoor markets where you can buy fresh, natural food. In bigger cities, people mostly shop in supermarkets.


Speaking Card - Father teaching her daughter how to cycleTeenager on a bmx bike midair, performing a stunt

Candidate B, here are your pictures. They show young people on bicycles. Compare the pictures and say what challenges they might be facing. (1 minute)

Candidate B: Well, the little girl in the left picture is being taught how to ride a bike by her father. In contrast, the boy in the right picture looks really confident on his BMX bicycle, performing a stunt jump. I guess both of them are enjoying the experience, but for different reasons.

The girl seems to be feeling nervous as she has to be steering the bike, maintaining balance, and, being aware of her surroundings – all at the same time! It must be really difficult to do all that when you’re just a beginner cyclist. This can’t be said about the boy, whose challenge is quite different — he has to land his bike safely without breaking it or hurting himself.

Candidate A, is cycling popular where you live? (~20 seconds)

Candidate A: No, not at all. We have harsh winters with lots of snow, and our summers are really short. You can see an occasional cyclist, but it is more of an exception. It’s a shame, really. I wish we had a warmer climate, because cycling really looks like a fun thing to do!

#7. Manual work; Cooking

FCE Speaking 2 - A man suspended in the air cleaning windows of a high-rise buildingFCE Part 2 - An old man with a younger women tilling soil, tending to their crops

Candidate A, here are your pictures. They show people doing manual work. I’d like you to compare the photos and say why they might have chosen to do this work. (1 minute)

Candidate A: The man in the right picture seems to be hanging from a high-rise building, cleaning windows; this looks a bit scary, to be honest. On the contrary, the left picture has an old man, probably the father of the young girl next to him. They are tending to their crops — a much more peaceful picture, if you ask me!

The man cleaning the windows could have chosen that activity to make money because it looks rather dangerous, or maybe he is really into doing risky things, you know, for adrenaline. The people in the right photo might be looking after the crops because they depend on them, or it could be just their hobby; it’s hard to tell.

Candidate B, which person finds their activity more satisfying? (~20 seconds).


FCE Pictures - Two cooks working on an exquisitve dish in a big restaurant kitchenFCE Speaking Card - A young man frying meat cutles in a small kitchen

Candidate B, here are your pictures. They show people cooking. Compare the two pictures and say how experienced they might be at what they do, okay? (1 minute)

Candidate B: The left picture shows professional cooks preparing some elaborate dishes in the spacious kitchen of a restaurant or café. The second picture, on the other hand, shows an apartment with a man cooking a much simpler meal.

Even though the people in the first picture are more likely to have more experience dealing with food, this is not necessarily true. They could only be trainees; both of them look rather young. The man in the second picture looks about the same age, but he might have more years of cooking under his belt, so you never know!

Candidate A, who does the cooking in your family? (~20 seconds)

Candidate: My wife does it, thankfully. I’m hopeless at cooking; anything more complex than frying some eggs or boiling a sausage is way too much for me. I realise that it’s one of the best skills to have, so I will probably try to deal with this shortcoming of mine in the future.

Most of the pictures here are taken from pexels.com, a great site for copyright-free visual content.

PDF Click to download this FCE Speaking Part 2 Worksheet in PDF (no model answers)

FCE Speaking Part 2 Tips

All parts of FCE Speaking explained

In my teaching practice, Part 2 of Cambridge First Certificate in English (FCE) is usually the most challenging one. In this entry, I will talk about the three things that have to be in your answer to get high score. These things are:

  • Describing the pictures
  • Comparing (things that are different and similar in them)
  • Answering the question (obviously!)

That’s it. Read on to learn more about each aspect of your answer. I will use the same set of two pictures to illustrate each point:

FCE Speaking Part 2 motorcycle in the desertFCE Speaking Part 2 on the plane

Here are the photographs. They show people travelling using different forms of transportation.
I’d like you to compare the photographs, and say which person might enjoy their trip the most.

Describing the pictures

A very common mistake is to think that Cambridge assessors want to hear you giving a detailed description of what’s in the picture. No, that’s not what they are after. What you really need to do is show that you know the right tense used when talking about a photo (Present Continuous) and the appropriate preposition (in the picture):

In the left picture there is a man sitting next to his motorcycle. The landscape behind looks like a desert. In the picture on the right the person is on a plane, probably listening to music.

Note the underlined part: you don’t want to repeat the same structure twice (In the left picture/In the picture on the right). In your FCE Speaking part 2 you will have less than two minutes for your answer, so it should be easy to avoid repetition.

Some students prefer to point with their fingers, saying “in this picture” or “in that picture”. Don’t do that – you lose your chance to show that you can synonymize.

Another important aspect of your answer is prepositions (next to his motorcycle/on a plane). This neither makes nor breaks your answer, but little things like that help you score more points for lexical and grammatical resource.

Right now the answer looks half-baked – the sentences are isolated, there is no connection between them. Let’s fix that by introducing comparison!

Comparing (similarities and differences)

This is an integral part of FCE Speaking Part 2. If you don’t compare, you will never score well! So let’s talk about what the two pictures have in common and then mention differences between them:

In the left picture there is a man sitting next to his motorcycle and the landscape behind looks like a desert. In the picture on the right the person is on a plane, probably listening to music. While both people in these photos are going from point A to point B, the passenger of the plane will probably get there much quicker and more comfortably, whereas the motorcyclist is not as fast or convenient.

There – both differences and similarities included. Words in bold (Whereas, while) are so-called ‘introductory words’ – they help us organically include new ideas in the answer. In this case, they aid us in contrasting. Now that comparing is out of the way, let’s get down to the main part – the exam question!

Answering the question

This part seems simply and straightforward – and it is, actually. However, in FCE Speaking Part 2 they have two main types of questions:

  1. Speculative questions (Modals of speculation, like the question we have here)
  2. ‘More’ or ‘The Most’ questions. (for example “Which transport do you believe is the most environmentally friendly?”)

The first type requires you to use appropriate phrases to speculate. See them here.
The second type is probably easier with no real traps. The only tip I here is to answer the task question after you have described and compared the picture:

In the left picture there is a man sitting next to his motorcycle and the landscape behind looks like a desert. In the picture on the right the person is on a plane, probably listening to music. While both people in these photos are going from point A to point B, the passenger of the plane will probably get there much quicker and more comfortably, whereas the motorcyclist is not as fast or convenient.

I believe that the person who chose going by motorcycle is going to have a more fulfilling experience as they will get more chances to enjoy the scenery, to feel more connected to the environment. They may even choose to stop wherever they feel like – this is not really an option when you’re a passenger on the plane!

And that’s it. Since you will have done comparing them by then, there is no need to mention the second picture if you don’t want to. I did just because I thought it fits and added a little bit of contrasting.