FCE Use of English Part 1, Procrastination

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 10

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A anything В nothing C something D thing

How to battle procrastination

Have you ever found yourself in a situation when you don’t feel like doing 0_____? If you have a tendency to put doing things 1 for later, it means you’re a procrastinator. It is a behavioural pattern characterised 2 postponing something that can (and sometimes has to be) done now, without a reason. This probably sounds familiar, as according to a recent study almost 37% of population suffer from this condition in one way or another.

So how does one overcome laziness and get more productive? One way is 3 up a plan and sticking to it. It should 4 small, easy to do tasks like washing dishes, doing your homework and many others. This creates a sense of 5 and therefore reinforces your desire to stay productive.

Another effective approach is to reward yourself for accomplishing personal goals. 6 yourself to a piece of cake after completing yet another task. You don’t have to limit this 7 food, it can be virtually anything you like. You can also spoil yourself by buying a nice piece of clothing or a new phone – do whatever it 8 to stay productive!

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Diamonds

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 9

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A after В on C in D out

Diamonds

Diamond is the strongest, firmest mineral in existence – and one of the most sought 0_____. It comes 1 various shapes and colours. Diamonds can be both natural and 2 , which means they are made by humans rather than nature. They are synthesised to be used in many spheres of life – this has to be done because real diamonds are prohibitively expensive.

It is 3 that the first diamonds were found in waters of Indian rivers 2500 years ago. However, it was not until 19th century that the mining of diamonds had started on a large 4 . The first major deposits were found in South Africa thanks to the “diamond rush” that attracted people from all over the world to try their fortune. At the time, nine out of ten diamonds came from this country. Even today it 5 the leading producer of diamonds, accounting for more than a third of all the stones mined worldwide.

Diamonds remain the most expensive of gemstones. Its size is 6 in carats – one carat being 20 grams and costs up to $12,000. Any stone over 2 carat is 7 big. The biggest stone to have ever been discovered is Cullinan, named after the owner of the mine it was found in. It weighed an astonishing 3107 carat, or more than half a kilogram. It was later broken 8 nine large fragments to be given shape.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, the Universe

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 8

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A in В about C with D to

The Dollar Presidents

One of the biggest questions 0_____ modern science is whether the universe is finite. There is no clear or definitive proof that the universe is either infinite or 1 , although both sides of the argument have supportive evidence. What we know for sure is that the Big Bang took 2 13.8 billion years ago, so this is approximately how old our universe is.

One of the methods to measure the size of the Universe is through light that we can see. However, due to the expansion of the universe, the farthest light we have been able to detect is about 46 billion light-years 3 in all directions. In the first moments of the universe after the Big Bang, the volume and density of matter were more or less the same, but as they cooled down, the regions of mass accumulation and the regions of empty space became more defined. This is why we can detect light 4 a distance of 46 billion light-years, even though our universe has 5 in its current form for only 13.8 billion years.

Although we can’t currently see the curvature of the universe, it has been suggested that if the Universe were at least 250 times larger than our currently observable Universe, it could potentially still bend backwards, somewhere beyond our 6 to see. Discussions about the Big Bang, the size and shape of the universe, dark matter and dozens of other 7 topics continue to fascinate experts who spend their lives 8 at the stars.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Dollar Presidents

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 7

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A currency В coins C money D banknotes

The Dollar Presidents

As most of us know, national 0_____ of the US bears portraits of its presidents from various eras. However, 1 people are aware that some of these historic figures, great as they were, had never been presidents! It is now time for us to go back 2 the past and find out.

Alexander Hamilton, 3 face we see on the $10 bill, 4 a number of important positions. At different periods of US history he had been a scholar of legal studies, a politician, a statesman, even a military commander. More importantly, he was one of the Founding Fathers of the US. 5 to the popular belief though he was not a president.

Benjamin Franklin, the gentleman adorning one hundred dollar note, was a man gifted 6 many different fields. Equally skilled in sciences, politics and social activism, he also 7 birth to multiple inventions such as bifocals and lightning rod. 8 to Hamilton, Franklin too was a Founding Father.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Flat Earth

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 6

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A represents В shows C demonstrates D displays

Flat Earth

Today we all know that we live on a planet that roughly 0_____ a sphere. But has it always been so? Since the 1 of human history people have shown curiousity 2 what kind of land they lived on. For centuries it was believed that the Earth was flat as a 3 . Certain theories depicted Earth 4 a piece of land supported by three elephants, carried through space on the back of an enormous turtle. There were other, even more ridiculous concepts.

Aristotle was the first to propose and prove the theory of Earth 5 spherically shaped. He noticed that as one moves forward, new objects appear on the horizon in front of you. Another important 6 he had made was how certain constellations could only be seen from particular parts of the world. This theory was later developed further by Eratosthenes, a Greek mathematician.

7 science has advanced tremendously since then, there are still people who believe that the Earth is flat. As the Internet became widely 8 , it enabled people to share and spread their views, which lead to popularising the pseudo-scientific idea of flat Earth.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Coffee

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 5

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A to В by C of D with

Coffee

Coffee is one of the oldest drinks known 0_____ human. It is 1 that coffee comes from Ethiopia, where a shepherd noticed how energised sheep would get after chewing on coffee shrubs. These berries even kept sheep 2 at night, they could not sleep from the excessive energy. The shepherd decided to give these berries a(n) 3 himself and discovered their wonderful effect. The practice of 4 the beans and using them in a drink soon followed.

Coffee is believed to have a 5 of beneficial effects. It has been scientifically 6 that coffee improves your cognitive and physical abilities, helps battle certain mind-affecting diseases, it can even increase one’s life expectancy! Of course moderation is key here, so you might want to limit your coffee consumption 7 three or four cups a day. Excessive doses of coffee may 8 anxiety, panic attacks and make you easily irritated.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Videogames

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 4

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A around В close C near D over

Violence in videogames

Videogames have been 0_____ for well over thirty years now. They have pretty much become an integral 1 of our lives. Such games  2 us entertained when we have nothing to do, and for some they even 3 into a hobby. So what could possibly go 4 ?

The problem is that videogames and violence go 5 . Many involve shooting, blood and other cruel aspects of gameplay. Some people are 6 this might 7 similar behaviour in real life. Worried parents 8 concern for the well-being of their children who might get the wrong message from their favourite gaming titles. Some countries even went so far as to ban certain videogames.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Gold

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 3

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A range В change C switch D shift

Gold

Gold is a metal that can 0_____ in colour from bright yellow to white, to even copper red. Throughout human history gold has remained a 1 desirable possession.

The history of gold in human culture 2 back to Ancient Egypt. Egyptians used it to create tools as well as jewellery and associated the glitter of gold 3 the Sun. Later gold found its use in money in the 4 of coins. This ensured that coins keep their value as they are made from the 5 metal.

Until recently, gold has mostly been used because of its attractive, shiny texture. Nowadays, it has found 6 in electronics thanks to its great conductive 7 . Surprisingly, it is even used in culinary art, however only for the most expensive of 8 .

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Stress

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 2

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A by В with C because D of

Stress

Stress is an unpleasant feeling or condition that can be caused  0_____ something like fear or some unexpected change in one’s life. It can be either physical – relating to your body, or 1 , which means it is connected to your mind. Symptoms may 2 dizziness, nausea, shaking hands and many others. So what can we do to reduce its negative impact 3 our lives?

There are different methods of coping 4 this condition. One approach is to 5 the thing, activity or person that causes it. If that doesn’t work, consider cutting 6 on coffee and alcohol. Another effective solution is to take a 7 from your regular activities. If that doesn’t help, you might want to 8 a doctor.

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FCE Use of English Part 1, Wolves

FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 1

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

A over В in C on D at

Wolves

Wolves are carnivorous mammals that can be found all 0_____ the globe. They 1 in size and colour, but one thing remains the same – they are 2 by both people and smaller animals. Wolf is a 3 animal, which means that they prefer to live and hunt in packs, or large groups; they are territorial, so they tend to stick to a certain area that usually covers around 40 square miles.

Monogamous by nature, wolves stay with the same 4 until they die. Wolves are commonly disliked by hunters because they tend to 5 on livestock. If population of the animal is at risk of going out of 6 , local governments might issue a decree to reduce it. This is done to prevent wolves from 7 the balance of the local ecosystem.

Some people attempt to domesticate them, although without much 8 . As the creature matures, its instincts take over and it becomes extremely dangerous.

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