FCE Use of English Part 1, Dopamine - EngExam.info
FCE Use of English Part 1, Test 20. Practice test with answer keys and helpful explanations to understand FCE tests better.

FCE Use of English Part 1, Dopamine

For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).


A communicate В discuss C command D signal


From your biochemistry classes, you might remember that dopamine is a neurotransmitter, something that helps the brain 0 _____ with other parts of our body.

What it effectively does is 1 you for doing things that it sees as beneficial to you. Exercising, eating healthily, and spending time outdoors – activities that 2 your well-being. However, there is a way to ‘fool’ your body into 3 additional dopamine – many highly-addictive 4 like alcohol and tobacco do exactly that. Is too much dopamine a bad thing, then?

The idea of ‘more is better’, however, does not 5 to dopamine. If there is too much of it in our body, either naturally or artificially, you become less responsive to it. This results in higher levels of dopamine required to feel the same pleasure. The person then ends up 6 more of the drug or whatever else to reach the desired effect. Additionally, an increased amount of dopamine can 7 to hallucinations and even schizophrenia.

Similarly, 8 levels of dopamine can cause depression, anxiety, dullness, or even Parkinson’s disease. Remedies for that can differ – for some, a change in lifestyle is enough, while others might have no other option than to resort to medication.

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Answers with explanations