Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C.
Study on Gender in Physics
21 The students in Akira Miyake’s study were all majoring in
B psychology or physics.
C science, technology, engineering or mathematics.
22 The aim of Miyake’s study was to investigate
A what kind of women choose to study physics.
B way of improving women’s performance in physics.
C whether fewer women than men study physics at college.
23 The female physics students were wrong to believe that
A the teachers marked them in an unfair way.
B the male students expected them to do badly.
C their test results were lower than the male students’.
24 Miyake’s team asked the students to write about
A what they enjoyed about studying physics.
B the successful experiences of other people.
C something that was important to them personally.
25 What was the aim of the writing exercise done by the subjects?
A to reduce stress
B to strengthen verbal ability
C to encourage logical thinking
26 What surprised the researchers about the study?
A how few students managed to get A grades
B the positive impact it had on physics results for women
C the difference between male and female performance
27 Greg and Lisa think Miyake’s results could have been affected by
A the length of the writing task.
B the number of students who took part.
C the information the students were given.
28 Greg and Lisa decide that in their own project, they will compare the effects of
A two different writing tasks.
B a writing task with an oral task.
C two different oral tasks.
29 The main finding of Smolinsky’s research was that class teamwork activities
A were most effective when done by all-women groups.
B had no effect on the performance of men or women.
C improved the results of men more than of women.
30 What will Lisa and Greg do next?
A talk to a professor
B observe a science class
C look at the science timetable
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer
• areas containing many different species
• important for locating targets for 31 ______
• at first only identified on land
Boris Worm, 2005
• identified hotspots for large ocean predators, e.g. sharks
• found that ocean hotspots:
– were not always rich in 32 ______
– had higher temperatures at the 33 ______
– had sufficient 34 ______ in the water
Lisa Ballance, 2007
• looked for hotspots for marine 35 ______
• found these were all located where ocean currents meet
Census of Marine Life
• found new ocean species living:
– under the 36 ______
– near volcanoes on the ocean floor
Global Marine Species Assessment
• want to list endangered ocean species, considering:
– population size
– geographical distribution
– rate of 37 ______
• Aim: to assess 20,000 species and make a distribution 38 ______ for each one
Recommendations to retain ocean biodiversity
• increase the number of ocean reserves
• establish 39 ______ corridors (e.g. for turtles)
• reduce fishing quotas
• catch fish only for the purpose of 40 ______
|Listening Section 1|
|Listening Section 2|
|Listening Section 3|
|Listening Section 4|