1 C —capture. To capture the moment is a paraphrase of “to take a picture, to photograph”. To seize the moment means “to enjoy yourself now rather that later”. Other two variants do not collocate.
2 В — right. Right in front of is the only existing collocation of the four given here.
3 A — counting. To count on something or somebody means “to rely on it, to put trust into it”. To settle on something means “to decide or to choose something”, but the previous sentence states that people do it “mindlessly”, so no actual choice is made. The remaining two options do not fit.
4 C — attend. To attend to something means “to try and deal with something”. Pay attention to the preposition “to”. Engage in is a common use for the first verb. Dedicate somebody to something fits here, but “dedicate” and “somebody” can’t be separated. Apply to isn’t used for the same reason.
5 D — impact. To have a negative impact on something is a widely used collocation. A common mistake is to choose “result”. It is rarely used with “on” preposition, so impactis a better choice here.
6 C — led. The students were led on a tour (past participle of lead) means that someone was leading them and it is explained right after that they were asked to do something. The other three variants do not convey this message.
7 A — accurate. All four variants collocate well with the preposition, however only the first adjective fits. Accurate here means “correct, precise” which are the words we need judging by context.
8 В — compared. The other verb that could seem as fitting here is matched. However it is usually used as transitive (without preposition)
9 it. It here refers to the New Generation Award.
10 whose. The context suggests that the mentioned start-up belongs to Kathryn Parsons.
12 them. To prove something to somebodyis a set phrase that helps to understand this. “Something” part is skipped here, so we go straight to “somebody”.
13 between. Perfect to show the range of any numbers (age range in this example).
14 their. Possessive pronoun relating to “they”.
15 with / having. The question here is “what kind of women they want to recognize?”. Women with or women having a mission and a vision.
16 make. To make the world a better place is a widely used set phrase.
17 annoyance. This is the only noun that can be formed from annoy.
18 bearing. Remember that you can’t use the same word form as the one given in the task
19 reference. Indefinite article “a” suggests that we need to make it into a noun.
20 emotional. Angry or ____ means that the second word has to be an adjective too.
21 honesty. As much *noun* as possible.
22 offence. Again, a noun should be used. Don’t forget that offense is the AmE spelling and therefore shouldn’t be used here.
23 disclose. To disclose means “to reveal, to make known”.
24 truthful. An adjective is required here. Mind your spelling, only one letter l and the end of the word.
25 there’s (is/was) hardly any petrol. Almost no = hardly any.
26 had no idea (that) cars cost. Had no idea = didn’t know
27 let it get you. To be depressed = to be down. The second sentence is passive voice, so to make someone depressed = to get someone down.
28 to be making a recovery. We still have to use a continuous tense here, so we use “making” with recovery. Remember that the given word can’t be changed.
29 take her work seriously enough according. Tohave serious attitude to something= to take something seriously.
30 causing you such a lot of. Confuse so much – cause a lot of confusion.
31 D. A, B and C can all be used as the answer, but it will be incomplete. Answer D summarizes the idea of paragraph.
32 В. Second sentence of this paragraph holds the answer — how drastically the modern British homes got transformed. Answer D is mentioned, however it is not the key topic of this paragraph.
33 A. This paragraph is about “decentralization” of an average British home, how the living room is no longer the main place in it, and therefore people no longer spend most of their time there. Answers B and D are mentioned, but only as supporting ideas.
34 D. Answers B and C do not fit — there is no mentioning about advertising or functionality of the inventions. Answer A can’t be used because of the way it states that most inventions were dangerous, which isn’t true.
35 В. Quoting the exact excerpt: “it would be impossible for anyone to imagine their front room as a “parlour” without seeming deeply old-fashioned”
36 C. The following sentence has a M. Thatcher example that shows how little home life in Britain have changed.
37 C. Reviewer C believes that the companies chosen for the show are very unique and therefore are not a good representation of the industry. All other reviewers hold it that the companies in the show are well-chosen to give a good idea how the industry functions.
38 A. Both A and B talk about the probability of viewers losing interest as the content of this show might be too difficult to understand at first.
39 C. Reviewer C is the only one who thinks that the people in charge are portrayed as not having too many responsibilities, always able to delegate their tasks to subordinates. All other reviewers state that higher-ups are shows as hard-working, decision-making individuals.
40 A. Both A and C believe that the interview questions were not comprehensive enough.
41 G. To understand this paragraph it is important to know that sailors refer to their ships as if they were a woman, therefore the pronoun “she” used by the captain refers to the freighter vessel. It is later confirmed in the next paragraph.
42 C. Beginning the paragraph, author talks about how he came to like the ship despite its unappealing look. The second part of the paragraph is focused on uneasy situation that made the author like the ship.
43 E. “Hoping so” is a clear reference to the last part of the previous paragraph.
44 F. The beginning of next paragraph uses pronoun “they” to refer to the waves, mentioned at the end of this paragraph.
45 В. “That condition” is clearly described in the previous paragraph. The beginning of the next paragraph states that “all was well in that regard”, referring to the food supply that the electrician checked.
46 D. The paragraph names what were inside the container mentioned in the previous paragraph. The beginning of the next paragraph refers to the sailors that make the sea navigation possible.
47 E. Sign representing “20” has become simpler, formerly needing two hands to show and later only one hand.
48 В. Middle of the paragraph compares how hearing and deaf individuals mime a story about a cat walking down the street.
49 В. Below the middle of the paragraph. Similar signs in combinations can have different meanings.
50 С. The process of language evolution with pidgin language taken as an example
51 D.First sentence of the paragraph talks about the specialized part of human brain.
52 D. Last sentence of the same paragraph. Children’s minds are “primed” to learn the rules of grammar — meaning that it is much easier to learn them when young.
53 E. First sentence — the visits have been taking place every year since 1990.
54 A. The second part of the paragraph mentions how older generations of children passed on their knowledge to the younger ones.
55 E. The last sentence of the paragraph states that the children want a sign for a particular reason, in this case — one that can be shown quickly.
56 D. The first sentence of the paragraph has two opposing ideas on the language origin.