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You will hear three different extracts. For questions 1-6, choose the answer (A, В or C) which fits best according to what you hear. There are two questions for each extract.
You hear a sportsman and a businesswoman discussing the issue of being competitive.
1. How does the man feel about the book he’s read on competitiveness?
A surprised that it contradicts a well-established theory
B confused by the wide range of evidence it quotes
C unsure about certain aspects of its argument
2. The woman feels that in the business world, prioritising competitiveness leads to
A a demotivating effect on the workforce.
B a constant drive towards greater productivity.
C an obsession with short-term goals.
You hear two friends discussing some research into the impact of colour on memory.
3. They both say that
A restaurants use clever tactics to attract new customers.
B the research methods used seem valid.
C the same colours can affect people in different ways.
4. The woman feels that the teenager’s findings
A could prove significant in the long-term.
B need the backing of the scientific establishment.
C confirm initial evidence about the way memory is viewed.
You hear two people discussing a television programme about music and the effect it has on the brain.
5. How does the woman feel about the programme?
A surprised by its conclusion
B confused by the approach it took
C disappointed by the lack of explanation
6. What do they agree about music?
A It has unexpected benefits.
B Its effects on intelligence are obvious.
C It’s important to study its psychological impact.
You will hear a radio report by the journalist Susie Stubbs, who has been to the tropical island of Reunion to find out about the flavouring called vanilla. For questions 7-14, complete the sentences with a word or short phrase.
Susie says that, despite its cost, vanilla is the world’s most 7________ spice.
The vanilla plant is originally from Mexico, where it depends on a local 8________ for its existence.
Susie says the term 9________ is used to talk about vanilla plants on the island.
Recently the vanilla harvest has been affected by 10________ and this impacts on the price.
These days the vanilla plants are covered by 11________ for protection.
Sometimes there are 12________ in the vanilla seed pods to show which farm they come from.
The vanilla pods are sun-dried and then 13________ briefly before being packed in boxes.
The boxes used to store the pods are wrapped in 14________ to keep the heat in.