For questions 9-16, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). In the exam, write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on tho separate answer sheet.
The Australian city of Perth
Perth, 0 _____ capital of the state of Western Australia, has been described as one of the most remote cities 9 Earth. Founded in 1829 and named after Perth in Scotland, it grew rapidly in the late nineteenth century 10 a result of the discovery of gold in the state. Nowadays it has a population of around two million people, and many of 11 were born outside Australia. This has led 12 Perth becoming a culturally diverse city, in 13 of the fact that the nearest large town is over 2,000 kilometres away, with well-established communities from southern Europe and South-East Asia 14 particular. The city’s five universities have also attracted students from 15 over the world. Young people find much to enjoy in and around Perth on 16 of its outdoor lifestyle, which offers a wide range of activities including swimming at its many beaches, cycling both in town and countryside, and visiting nearby nature reserves.