For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Where to go whale watching
When asked to list the things they would most like to experience in life, a surprising 0 _____ of people mention seeing whales in their natural habitat. It’s an ambition that can be 1 _____ surprisingly easily. It is 2 _____ that the seas around Iceland are home to over five thousand orca whales. But their behaviour, and therefore your chances of seeing them, varies 3 _____ to the season.
In summer, the whales have a 4 _____ to hang out near the coast and can be seen swimming up fjords and inlets. During the winter months, however, the animals are generally to be found 5 _____ out at sea. 6 _____ season you choose for your trip, whale-watching trips are very easy to organise, and there’s a chance you’ll get to see other whale species too.
Besides Iceland, another option is to 7 _____ for northern Norway between October and January. Orcas arrive here at this time of year in 8 _____ of large shoals of herring, which form an important part of their diet.
|1||A answered||B rewarded||C honoured||D fulfilled|
|2||A estimated||B counted||C guessed||D totalled|
|3||A according||B depending||C relying||D agreeing|
|4||A custom||B tendency||C habit||D trend|
|5||A longer||B wider||C broader||D further|
|6||A Whenever||B Whoever||C Whichever||D However|
|7||A head||B set||C point||D pick|
|8||A hunt||B follow||C pursuit||D seek|
For questions 9-16, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). In the exam, write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on tho separate answer sheet.
Kieron Williamson is a very successful landscape painter. His paintings, 0 _____ mostly depict the peaceful countryside around his home village in eastern England, sell very well. Perhaps this shouldn’t 9 _____ as that much of a surprise. It’s a beautiful part of the world, and landscape paintings are always popular.
The strange thing about Kieron, however, 10 _____ that he is only seven years old. At a recent exhibition of his work, all the paintings were sold in half an hour, some for £100,000 each. Kieron now has fans all over the world, and has gained the nickname the ‘Mini-Monet’.
What’s even 11 _____ surprising is that Kieron doesn’t come from an artistic family, and only started painting two years 12 _____. He first got inspiration 13 _____ some boats he saw on holiday at the seaside. Kieron asked his parents if they 14 _____ buy him a sketch pad and pencils 15 _____ that he could draw them. Only when they saw 16 _____ well he drew did they realise that he was talented.
For questions 17-24, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0). In the exam, write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.
Don’t catch cold
According to recent 0 _____, at least some of the advice about health that was passed down to our grandparents by previous generations may actually contain some 17 _____.
A good example is the 18 _____ between feeling cold and catching a cold. My grandmother was convinced that being outside when the temperature is low, or simply dressing in 19 _____ clothes for the cold weather, was a sure way of catching a cold.
Now, as we know, colds are caused by viruses. Therefore, in the 20 _____ of a virus, you cannot catch a cold – no matter how low the temperature or how 21 _____ your clothing.
But 22 _____ now think that we may have viruses in our bodies already, which are just waiting for the chance to turn into a cold. In cold weather, for example, blood vessels in the nose get smaller to stop heat escaping. 23 _____, also allows the cold virus to attack the nose or throat more 24 _____. So, perhaps Granny was right!