CAE Reading and Use of English Part 1
For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
High notes of the singing Neanderthals
Neanderthals have been misunderstood. The early humanoids traditionally 0 CHARACTERIZED as ape-like brutes were deeply emotional beings with high-pitched voices. They may 1 have sung to each other. This new image has 2 from two studies of the vocal apparatus and anatomy of the creatures that 3 Europe between 200,000 and 35,000 years ago.
The research shows that Neanderthal voices might well have produced loud, womanly and highly melodic sounds – not the roars and grunts previously 4 by most researchers. Stephen Mithen, Professor of Archaeology and author of one of the studies, said: ‘What is emerging is a picture of an intelligent and emotionally complex creature whose most likely 5 of communication would have been part language and part song.’
Mithen’s work 6 with the first detailed study of a reconstructed Neanderthal skeleton. Anthropologists brought together bones and casts from several sites to re-create the creature. The creature that emerges would have 7 markedly from humans, Neanderthals seem to have had an extremely powerful 8 and no waist.