CAE Reading and Use of English Part 1
For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
In cities around the world, a wide (0)_____ of schemes is being instigated to promote environmental awareness. ‘It’s just as easy to (1)_____ of litter properly as it is to drop it on the streets’, says city councillor Mike Edwards. ‘It’s a question of encouraging people to do so as a (2)_____ of course. Once the habit is ingrained, they won’t even (3)_____ they are doing it. After all, think what we’ve achieved with recycling in the home. People have become accustomed to it, so it doesn’t (4)_____ to them that they’re spending any additional time in the process. Only if they have to carry this waste for some appreciable distance to find a suitable container do they feel they are (5)_____ ‘.
A quirky, (6)_____ gimmick might be enough to change behaviour. With this in (7)_____ the city of Berlin is introducing rubbish bins that say danke, thank you and merci when someone drops an item of rubbish into them. It might just (8)_____ the trick in this city, too.
|0||A band||B range||C scale||D scope|
|1||A dispose||B discard||C dump||D dispense|
|2||A principle||B system||C matter||D duty|
|3||A notice||B remark||C comprehend||D appreciate|
|4||A concern||B occur||C impress||D strike|
|5||A inconvenienced||B sacrificed||C complicated||D imposed|
|6||A light-hearted||B mundane||C subjective||D intense|
|7||A context||B thought||C spirit||D mind|
|8||A serve||B do||C make||D play|
CAE Reading and Use of English Part 2
For questions 9-16, read the text below and think o f the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet
Example: (0) HAVE
Emotion in books
Something appears to (0)_____ happened to the emotional content of books published in the UK. Researchers from the University of Bristol analysed the frequency with (9)_____ ‘mood’ words – those reflecting anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness and surprise – were used in as (10)_____ as 5 million books between 1900 and 2000. (11)_____ to one of the researchers, Dr Alberto Acerbi, ‘the average book published in 1900 has 14% more emotional content than the average book in 2000’. In (12)_____ words, ‘a book with 1,000 emotional words in 1900 would have 877 in 2000’.
In (13)_____ to this decline in emotional content, the research team found that some interesting differences between British books and those published in the USA have developed since the 1960s. (14)_____ having more emotional content than their British counterparts, American books now contain more content-free words. These are words that carry (15)_____ or no meaning on their (16)_____, such as ‘and’ or ‘but’, and articles like ‘the’.
What is the significance of these changes? The researchers say that further work is needed to deal with this question adequately.
CAE Reading and Use of English Part 3
For questions 17-24, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.
Example: (0) NOTORIETY
The Black Widow Spider
|The black widow spider’s (0)_____ is not without foundation. However, an element of exaggeration has led to certain (17)_____ regarding its evil nature.|
Firstly, while it is indeed one of the most venomous species of spider, its venom being 15 times stronger than that of the prairie rattlesnake, its bite injects such a small amount of venom in (18)_____ that it is unlikely to kill humans. In fact (19)_____ are rare.
Black widows bite only if they are touched or their web is threatened, and only the adult female is poisonous. The female is (20)_____ by nature, and has been known to kill and eat the male after mating. Such (21)_____ are rare, but they explain how the spider got its name – and its reputation.
Nevertheless, the (22)_____ effects of this spider’s bite should not be (23)_____ , and if you live in a certain climate and have a fireplace in your home, it is advisable to take (24)_____ . Black widow spiders often inhabit wood piles, so you should wear gloves when handling firewood.