CAE Reading and Use of English Part 1
For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
The Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco (0)______ worldwide fame almost immediately after its completion in 1937, not just because it was a technical masterpiece but also (1)______ of its elegant design. The eye-catching orange-red colour of the bridge also (2)______ its popularity.
Construction of the road bridge started in 1933. At the time, many people doubted whether it was technically possible to span the 1,600-metre-wide strait. But despite this, the project (3)______. There is also a sidewalk for pedestrians on the bridge but it’s quite a (4)______ to walk across it. For a start, it is three kilometres long and 67 metres above sea level. In extreme weather conditions, the bridge can (5)______ almost eight metres, which can make the crossing rather unpleasant.
The Golden Gate Bridge is at its most (6)______ in the morning when it is often shrouded by mist.
At night, it’s also spectacular because the lighting makes it seem as if the towers are (7)______ into the darkness. The bridge has long since (8)______ its record of being the longest bridge but it is still one of the world’s most famous landmarks
|0||A appreciated||B valued||C achieved||D created|
|1||A in the event||В on behalf||C as a result||D with the aid|
|2||A boosted||В intensified||C developed||D amplified|
|3||A went ahead||В moved off||C started out||D sprang up|
|4||A hazard||В challenge||C trial||D difficulty|
|5||A shake||В bounce||C sway||D wobble|
|6||A desirable||В enchanting||C glowing||D pleasurable|
|7||A dispersing||В separating||C spreading||D disappearing|
|8||A thrown||В lost||C missed||D resigned|
CAE Reading and Use of English Part 2
For questions 9-16, read the text below and think o f the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet
Example: (0) WHEN
Doodling Is Good
The next time you are caught doodling, that is making unconscious or unfocused drawings (0)______ you should be listening, declare that you are simply trying to boost your concentration.
Recent research suggests that, (9)______ than something to be frowned on, doodling should be actively encouraged because it improves our ability to pay attention. A study which compared (10)______ well people remembered details of a dull speech found that people who doodled throughout retained much more information than those trying to concentrate on listening.
Doodling, however, is not the same as daydreaming. It is quite common (11)______ people to start daydreaming when they are stuck in a boring lecture (12)______ listening to a tedious discussion, and then to pay little attention to what is (13)______ on around them. But the research suggests that doodling should no (14)______ be considered an unnecessary distraction. Not (15)______ is doodling sufficient to stop daydreaming without affecting our task performance, it may actually help keep us (16)______ track with a boring task.
CAE Reading and Use of English Part 3
For questions 17-24, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.
Example: (0) SALTY
|Rice crops fail in drought conditions or where the soil is too (0)______ So work is underway to ‘climate-proof’ rice so it can grow in even the most (17)______ of conditions.|
Drought affects 23 million hectares of rice annually, and salt is equally (18)______; it reduces yields by 40% and consequently (19)______ the pressures on food supplies. Further reductions in yields are likely due to climate (20)______.
Scientists are attempting to produce a super rice by mixing genes from drought-tolerant plants with those from another that exploits nitrogen (21)______ , thus enabling it to grow without fertiliser.
Comparing the new rice’s (22)______ with that of ordinary rice, the super rice produced 17% more than the ordinary variety in individual trials and 42% more when subjected to a combination of stresses.
In addition, researchers are working on improving other crops.
For example, one team has developed a potato that is (23)______ to certain diseases. It is hoped that developments such as this will (24)______ the impact of climate change in developing countries.