1 B — while. There is an opposition in this sentence so while is the only option.
2 D — absolute. Relative and absolute are antonyms.
3 D — masters. C and D are both valid collocations, but the context suggests that the person doesn’t simply get a new skill, they reach a high level of it, therefore we use verb “to master”.
4 A — after all. B and C do not fit the context — they need a second part of the sentence for the opposing argument. D doesn’t fit because of punctuation — “apart from” cannot be followed by comma in this example.
5 В — private. Private life is a common collocation.
6 C — space. Again, personal space is a collocation that means “physical space that surrounds someone”. E.g. if a stranger stands right next to you, he is within your personal space so it would be natural for you to feel uncomfortable.
7 D — lasts. If something lasts it means that it continues for a limited amount of time, just like the context suggests.
8 C — although. A — despite would need “that” here, B — even can’t be used without “if” in this case and D — however can’t be place next to “but”.
9 on. To concentrate on someone — in this case, on people who are currently present.
10 although/though/while. There is a clear opposition in the sentence so any of these words would do.
11 something. Thinking about something is opposed to concentrating it. Word ‘it’ is a wrong answer because we are not talking about thinking of stress and unhappiness from the previous sentence. The topic is lack of concentration because of constant distractions like cellphone.
12 not. This should be clear. Again, concentration and attention are key topic, so keep that in mind.
13 have. This is a passive construction, don’t be misled by a common collocations such as “to pay attention”.
14 under. “To be under threat” means to be endangered by something. “In threat” doesn’t collocate.
15 making. “To make change” — to alter something, usually for the better.
16 too. “The good news is … it is not too late”. Don’t let longer sentences intimidate you. If you find that its hard to understand, try to break them into smaller ones — commas should help you with that task.
17 controversial. An adjective is required here. Controversial means that there are several opinions on it, there is a disagreement about it.
18 immortalised. We need a verb in past tense after “was”. To immortalise here means to give fame and eternal life through works of literature.
19 debatable. This and the next word both should be adjectives according to their immediate contexts. Debatable means “open to discussion, doubtful”.
20 indisputable. The text states that it’s a fact therefore it shouldn’t be disputed. This clears the confusion with the previous word.
21 remains. Remains is a plural noun which means dead body or skeleton.
22 Analysis. Analysis, not analysing (because there is an “of”preposition after the word).
23 identification. Keep in mind that you can’t use the original word without changing it, even though it would fit in this case.
24 conclusive. An adjective meaning “final, without doubt”.
25 has gone off. “To go off” (when talking of food) means to become no longer edible, e.g. get spoiled.
26 discovery (that/which) the archaeologists made. Discover = make a discovery. Make sure you spell archaeologists right.
27 would/might expect people to be less. We have to use the opposite of “more” here, so it means that less has to be right before “interested”.
28 quite impossible to imagine. Quite here means “somewhat”. See article about intensifiers for clarification.
29 to turn it into a profitable. Profitable one refers to the company in question. To turn into means to make, to change.
30 was bitterly disappointed by. Bitterly dissapointed is the only collocation that fits here. Don’t forget that “to disappoint” is used with “by”.
31 C. Spriggs the Labrador makes the author feel at ease — he relaxes and no longer feels afraid. A and B are not mentioned, D is about dog that approaches the end of its training.
32 D. “The owners have to take over … they will get our of the partnership what they put in”. Other answers are either not touched upon or mention a minor detail.
33 B. Middle of the paragraph: “… smallest piece of advice … would make a huge difference to their lives”. A is not mentioned, the word independent refers to kind of help people are getting. C isn’t mentioned; D states the opposite : “a broken wrist led him to shadow the organisation’s rehab workers”. Undeterred here means “untroubled, unhindered by”. In the reality the author was forced to change his occupation due to their trauma.
34 В. At the beginning of the paragraph it is stated that there are “many myths” surrounding the guide dogs’ job. It is after that they give a ludicrous example of fish and chips shop to illustrate how things really work.
35 С. The beginning of next paragraph “… how big a jump it is” from trusting your own eyesight to relying on dog’s guidance. B is not mentioned — it takes time to get used to the dog, nothing about controlling it. D mentioned, however it is a minor detail.
36 B. The ending of the last paragraph summarizes the experience the author has had. He can relate to the extent of joy and satisfaction that the dog trainer has. A and C aren’t mentioned. D is implied by the joke made by Evans.
37 C. Both speakers are upset with the fact that people see psychologists as doctors who primarily treat mental illnesses, whereas their main aim is different. Khan: “… sports psychology is something for treating athletes with mental disorders”. Rossweller: “… most people know someone who sees a clinical psychologist or therapist for a mind-related problem.”
38 D. The second part of Khan’s paragraph is about how psychological guidance of some coaches can lead to negative outcome. Xiu Li believes that some trainers however are very capable of providing sound psychological guidance for their athletes.
З9 А. Remember that media involves both TV, journalism and many others. Rossweller talks about positive representation of sport psychologists on TV. Common suggests that journalists are “yet to be fully convinced” which means that journalists have their doubts about the importance of sports psychology.
40 B. All three experts believe that sports psychology isn’t developed enough, whereas Khan believes that it is mature enough. Last sentence of his paragraph states that the research is based upon “rigorous scientific methodologies”.
41 G. The paragraph talks about the light bulb effect being “literally true”, as some parts of our brains activate whenever we get a bright idea. The next paragraph talks about blending science and culture — a reference from old cartoons are examples from lives of famous scientists from paragraph G.
42 E. “All of which is not bad …” of course refers to the honorary titles mentioned before.
43 B. “But no matter” discards his own acknowledgement of being a bad scientists to continue the narrative. The second part of paragraph B mentions how he got interested in Proust’s writing, and the beginning of next paragraph states that this was the start of his writing career.
44 F. The end of previous paragraph concentrates on his life in the UK, and paragraph F continues this narration.
45 С. This paragraph continues the narrative about his childhood, where he comes up with examples from his past. The second part of paragraph C introduces his latest book, How We Decide.
46 A. Finally, he mentions his third book called Imagine which continues his series of books on science and, this time, art.
47 B. The second part of the review states that “Red Riding: 1974 is the weakest of the three Red Riding films …”. The first reviewer talks about their favourite movie, not their least favourite.
48 B. Third sentence of the review states that a short toilet break is likely to make you lose the stream of narrative.
49 D. Second part of the paragraph, starting with “The film can be too self-serious…” and how film’s “television roots show on a production level”. Reviewer C talks about production, but he admires rather than criticises it.
50 A. The second part of the paragraph states that murders aren’t the key of the film, but rather the reactions to them.
51 C. First sentence of the paragraph. Venue is a place where show such as movie is shown. In this case, it’s the art’s centre that chose to broadcast the movies for three weeks.
52 D. Last part of the first sentence: “… these are not sunny days for the faint of heart.” meaning that the softer viewers might find the content of the movie shocking or even revolting.
53 D. The last sentence mentions that the film, among other things, is “expertly performed” — meaning that the actors did a good job.
54 C. Last sentence goes: “… it’s easy to forget it and its sister films were produced for British television …”.
55 B. Third sentence talks about viewers from America who could be having difficulties making out the peculiar accents.
56 A. The first sentence refers to reporter Dunford as having mix of feelings.