- A – against. ‘To protect against something’ is the only correct collocation in this context. ‘To protect with something’ would mean using something for protection, not protecting from something, in that case the rising water levels.
- B – also. The only conjunction that fits grammatically.
- A – consists. The only verb in the list that can be followed by ‘of’.
- C – each. ‘Which’ shouldn’t be used here as it would be introducing an additional clause, which is not present in the sentence.
- D – weighs. The mass of the gates is mentioned.
- A – operation. Being engaged in work or being active, functioning.
- B – View. Look at or see. ‘Sight’ can’t be used as a verb. ‘Hear’ doesn’t fit as you’re unlikely to hear it – it makes no noise unless being lifted, which doesn’t happen very often. ‘Explore’ doesn’t make sense – you can’t explore it sitting in a cafeteria.
- B – memorable. Something important or exciting, something you’re likely to remember.
- was. The previous sentences suggests we are talking about the past. A verb ‘to be’ in past simple is all we need here.
- them. The same construction with ‘them’ is used throughout the sentence: “… accepted them, stored them, tested them… “
- over. “From all over the world” is a set phrase here.
- country/region. Both words can be used here.
- looked. ‘To look after’ here is to take care, to make sure it is in good working order.
- charge/control/possession. Was responsible for/controlled/had the facts.
- What. The introductory word for the question.
- went. ‘Sent’ can’t be used here as it would require ‘to’ before to make is passive.
- modernising. ‘In charge of doing something’. If you choose to spell it with a ‘z’ instead of ‘s’, make sure you remain consistent in your spelling throughout your exam.
- delightful. An adjective with the positive meaning, suggest with ‘old, but’ construction.
- invitation. Make sure to spell the word right.
- employee. Not an ’employer’, as the man worked for the author, not the other way round.
- extensively. An adverb is required here, pay attention to your spelling.
- possessions. Another tricky to spell word, two double ‘s’.
- arrangements. More words with difficult spelling, this time a noun. ‘To make arrangements’ is to prepare something that is needed in order to do something.
- had her hair done. The first ‘had’ refers to the passive voice, the second one – to past simple (‘last Tuesday’).
- is responsible for supervising. ‘To be responsible for doing something’ – to have the duty to do something.
- is a faster reader than. A comparison is needed here, do not to forget the indefinite article.
- denied stealing/having stolen. Do not forget that the limit on words is as low as two, so ‘denied stealing’ is acceptable.
- first time we had travelled/been. Since we’re using ‘it’, we are referring to so-called ‘past in the past’, and to show what happened first we have to use Past Perfect.
- does this car belong to. “to belong to someone”
- B. First paragraph of the text: “… I hope I will not grow any more – as it is, I can’t get out at the door…”.
- A. Second paragraph: “She went on growing, and growing, and very soon had to kneel down on the floor: in another minute there was not even room for this, and she tried the effect of lying down with one elbow against the door, and the other arm curled round her head.”
- B. Alice keeps on having an internal dialogue with herself for the next few paragraphs. The Rabbit comes much later.
- B. In the same paragraph that begins with “Mary Ann!…”, third sentence: “Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming to look for her”. That’s the name he called Alice.
- C. “’Digging for apples, indeed!’ said the Rabbit angrily.” – the tone indicates Rabbit’s dissatisfaction with pet. He was doing something silly – apples shouldn’t be dug for as they grow on trees.
- C. “An arm, you goose! Who ever saw one that size? Why, it fills the whole window!” – Rabbit has never seen an arm that big and he doesn’t believe his eyes.\
- B. “…surprised that there were more.” refers to the last sentence of the previous paragraph with tho more fish. The sentence after the gap confirms the choice – the author wonders where ‘they’ could have come from.
- A. The author comes realisation of dreaming, saying ‘Of course!’ as the idea strikes them.
- E. The husband from the dream is mentioned before. ‘Perplexed’ means lost or confused.
- G. First the term of lucid dreaming is introduced, and the explanation of it is given in the following sentence.
- F. The habits to develop lucid dreaming skills, especially the hands techniques, are mentioned in the preceding sentences.
- C. The sentence that follows the gap continues the list with “You can even try out things you’ve always wanted to try…”.
- A. Throughout the paragraph the author mentions occasions of meeting and interacting various sea animals.
- A. One can infer from context that the author is swimming either by means of a boat, a board, or without any equipment.
- D. I liked New York even more than I expected…
- C. The author mentions hearing the ‘bark-like’ call of hippos at night. In the next sentence it is mentioned that hippos can be very dangerous, if provoked. Paragraph A shouldn’t be used for answer as no animals listed in it are described as dangerous.
- B. I revisited them again and again, sleepless, in my memories and notes and photographs, once home.
- D. … this seems like a better way to get to know a city: less being sociable, more walking and visiting different places.
- B. Long hot days in the silence, 5,000 temples on every side…
- B. Almost every day of the three-week trip was so vivid that, upon returning, I gave a friend a nine-hour account of every moment.
- D. Last two sentences of the paragraph make comparisons, including Oxford Street in London and Promenade Plantee in Paris.
- C. Our guides warned us that although hippos may seem harmless, if threatened, they could easily kill a man